Dr. Carol Bickford, Ph.D., RN-BC, CPHIMS, FHIMSS, FAMIA, FAAN graduated with a BSN from the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire, received a MS in nursing from Rush University, Chicago, and a PhD in Nursing Informatics from the University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Nursing, She had a distinguished 22 year career in the Navy, retiring as a Commander. She is currently employed at a non-profit professional organization. Dr. Bickford is Board Certified in Nursing Informatics by the American Nurses Credentialing Center. She is a Certified Professional in Health Information Management Systems and holds Fellow status in the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society and American Medical Informatics Association. Dr. Bickford was elected a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing in 2014. She is a long time member of the American Nurses Association and the Maryland Nurses Association.